Since 1947 we are celebrating 15 August as our Independence Day, but before that we used to celebrate 26 January as our Independence Day. Yes, it’s true. Actually in 1929, when Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the president of Congress, he called for ‘Poorna Sawrajay’ which means ‘total Independence’. After his call in 1930, 26 January was celebrated as India’s Independence. Later in 1950, it became the day when India became a republic country.
Why the British changed their mind and let India be free?
India got its Independence on 15 of August because of one interesting fact. Actually by the time of 1947, the British became tired of the revolts by Indians. By that time the only world faced the end of Second World War. This World War brought Britain to the edge of bankruptcy. They were hardly able to handle the expense of their country leaves alone their colonies. So leaving India was a better option for them at that time.
How things changed for India
So in February 1947, Lord Mountbatten was sent to India with the motive of transfer of power. That time British didn’t think to transfer the power of administration in 1947 only. Their plan was to do all the settlement in the year 1948. But Indian leaders have got a good grip over administration by 1947 only. If Lord Mountbatten would wait till 1948, then nothing would be left to transfer. So he chose to transfer all the administration rights to Indian leadership in the year of 1947 only. For this step, Lord Mountbatten saved himself by saying that he prepone the plan to avoid bloodshed in India. It’s a different thing that his plan could not work. Bloodshed happened. India received a partition in the form of Pakistan.
Why British Choose 15 August
When Lord Mountbatten had to choose a day for declared India as an Independent country, he willingly chooses 15 August. Because on this day only in the year 1945 Japan surrendered to the allied army in World War Second. This day and incident were very special for Lord Mountbatten because he was the Supreme Allied Commander of South East Asia Command from the allied force. So on the second anniversary of his special day, India got Its Independence.
Challenges after Independence
When India got its independence in 1947, at that time India has 550 different princely states. These states used to consider themselves as a free country. To unite all of them and bring them under the one flag of India was the biggest challenge at that time. But our first home minister Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel had wonderfully completed this task. He negotiated with them and brought them under the name of a country India.
You will be surprised to know that at that time INR 1 was equal to 1$. Our country used to be a bird of gold but when the British went they made India a poor country. Many of our leaders, industrialist, teachers and every single citizen of India worked hard so we could get a better life. And we have a better life at least better than them.
On this day let’s recall them. Let’s feel proud of their sacrifices. Happy Independence Day.